Valorization of lemon peels wastes into a potential adsorbent for simultaneous removal of copper ion (Cu2+) and Congo red from wastewater

Sebastián Pérez, Moisés Ulloa, Elizabeth Flórez, Nancy Acelas, Raúl Ocampo-Pérez, Erika Padilla-Ortega, Angélica Forgionny

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research focused on the development of an adsorbent material from the Tahiti lemon peels (LP) using thermochemical treatment with ZnCl2 at 550 °C, and its application for simultaneous removal of copper ion (Cu2+), and Congo red (CR) from contaminated water resources. Results showed a mesoporous activated carbon with a high area (SBET = 945 m2g−1) and a wide pore distribution (2.0–25 nm), with carboxylate, phenolic and ether as the main functional surface groups. The adsorption experiments showed that LP activated with ZnCl2 (LPZn) exhibited a higher effectiveness than LP without any treatment and LP calcined at 550 °C (CLP). The pH at the point of zero charge (pHPZC) of LP, CLP, and LPZn was 2.78, 8.04, and 4.72, respectively, indicating a wide diversity and proportion of functional groups in the materials. The maximum adsorption capacities of LPZn were 1.78 meq g−1 (618.35 mg g−1) for CR and 0.91 meq g−1 (28.85 mg g−1) for Cu2+, which are comparable with other adsorbents previously reported. In multicomponent systems, at the highest concentration of Cu2+ (90.0 mg L-1 ≈2.9 meq L-1), a favoring of the adsorbed amount of Cu2+ was observed, suggesting the occurrence of a synergistic effect for the presence of Cu2+ under these conditions. Therefore, the material derived from Tahiti lemon peels can be considered a promising adsorbent with good physicochemical properties for the treatment of contaminated wastewater by dyes and heavy metal ions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100795
JournalEnvironmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Agricultural waste
  • Congo red
  • Copper
  • Lemon peel
  • Mono-component adsorption
  • Multicomponent adsorption

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