Design, construction and operation of the ProtoDUNE-SP Liquid Argon TPC

The DUNE collaboration

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24 Scopus citations


The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) that was constructed and operated in the CERN North Area at the end of the H4 beamline. This detector is a prototype for the first far detector module of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), which will be constructed at the Sandford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, South Dakota, U.S.A. The ProtoDUNE-SP detector incorporates full-size components as designed for DUNE and has an active volume of 7 × 6 × 7.2 m3. The H4 beam delivers incident particles with well-measured momenta and high-purity particle identification. ProtoDUNE-SP's successful operation between 2018 and 2020 demonstrates the effectiveness of the single-phase far detector design. This paper describes the design, construction, assembly and operation of the detector components.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP01005
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase)
  • Photon detectors for UV
  • Scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas, liquid scintillators)
  • Scintillators
  • Time projection Chambers (TPC)
  • Visible and IR photons (solid-state) (PIN diodes, APDs, Si-PMTs, G-APDs, CCDs, EBCCDs, EMCCDs, CMOS imagers, etc)

Product types of Minciencias

  • A1 article - Q1


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